Brahmagupta was an Indian mathematician, born in AD in Bhinmal, a state of Rajhastan, India. He spent most of his life in Bhinmal which was under the rule. Brahmagupta was an Ancient Indian astronomer and mathematician who lived from AD to AD. He was born in the city of Bhinmal in Northwest India. Brahmagupta was a famous mathematician and astronomer who lived in seventh century India. His ideas were so profound that they still influence.

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The square of a negative or of a positive is positive; [the square] of zero is zero.

View the Study Pack. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Bhillamala, called pi-lo-mo-lo by Xuanzangwas the apparent capital of the Gurjaradesathe second largest kingdom of Western India, comprising southern Rajasthan and northern Gujarat in modern-day India.

It is true to say that Brahmagupta was the leading mathematician of the seventh century and that his work bioraphy had a massive influence biorgaphy the centuries.

Scholars state that he incorporated a great deal of originality to his revision, adding a considerable amount of new material. Multiplication, evolution, and unknown quantities were represented by abbreviations of appropriate terms. Progenitors represents the 14 Progenitors “Manu” in Indian cosmology or 14, “twins” means 2, “Ursa Major” represents the seven stars of Ursa Major or 7, “Vedas” refers to the 4 Vedas or 4, dice represents the number of sides of the tradition die or 6, and biogrxphy on.

If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. History of Hindu Mathematics, Part I. The Nothing That Is: This current system is based on the Hindu Arabic number system and first appeared in Brahmasphutasiddhanta.

The division was primarily about the application of mathematics to the physical world, rather than about the mathematics itself.


Takao Hayashi Learn More in these related Britannica articles: If the moon were above the sun, how would the power of waxing and waning, etc.


In this fine classification of mathematical procedures, he also listed four methods for multiplication, and five rules for reducing a rational expression to a single fraction.

This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat The sum of a negative and zero is negative, [that] of a positive and zero positive, [and that] of two brahmagutpa zero.

Thank you for your feedback. The two [lower segments] of the two diagonals are two sides in a triangle; the base [of the quadrilateral is the base of the triangle].

Brahmagupta lived in a time when it was thought that the sun and other planets revolved around bography earth, but he was still able to give an accurate figure for the length of a year, days 6 hours 5 minutes and 19 seconds which he later revised to days 6 hours 12 minutes and 36 seconds.

Unlike most European algebraists of the Middle Ages, he recognized negative and irrational numbers as possible roots of an equation. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Internet URLs are the best. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brahmagupta. He is believed to have written many works though only a few survive today.

He further gives a theorem on rational triangles. The nature biogrqphy squares: In the 7th century Brahmagupta took up what is now erroneously called the Pell equation.

Brahmagupta – Wikipedia

The next formula apparently deals with the volume of a frustum of a square pyramid, where the “pragmatic” volume is the depth times the square of the mean of the edges of the top and bottom faces, while the “superficial” volume is the depth times their mean area. Further work exploring the longitudes of the planets, diurnal rotation, lunar and solar eclipses, risings and settings, the moon’s crescent and conjunctions of the planets, are discussed in his treatise Khandakhadyaka.

Biograpy stressed the importance of these topics as a qualification for a mathematician, or calculator ganaka. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of The operations of multiplication and evolution the taking of rootsas well as unknown quantities, were represented by abbreviations of appropriate words. The work is thought to be a revised version of the received siddhanta of the Brahmapaksha school, incorporated with some of his own new material.


If there are many [colors], the pulverizer [is to be used]. His remaining eighteen sines are,,,, He was the son of Jishnugupta and was a Shaivite by religion. He was well-read in the five traditional siddhanthas on Indian astronomy, and also studied the work of other ancient astronomers such as Aryabhata I, Latadeva, Pradyumna, Varahamihira, Biohraphy, Srisena, Vijayanandin and Vishnuchandra.

He lived in Bhillamala modern Bhinmal during the reign brah,agupta the Chapa dynasty ruler, Vyagrahamukha. Please note that our editors biogrqphy make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Brahmagupta also proposed several algebraic rules for solving quadratic and simultaneous equations. Like many Indian mathematicians of this and later periods, Brahmagupta was producing work that was many centuries ahead of the equivalent work being carried out in the western world.

Copyrights Brahmagupta from Gale. Brahmagupta dedicated a substantial portion of his work to geometry. It is interesting to brahmahupta also that the algebra of Brahmagupta, like that of Diophantus, was syncopated.

Whatever is the square-root of the rupas multiplied by the square [and] increased by the square of half the unknown, diminish that by half the unknown [and] divide [the remainder] by its square. Here Brahmagupta uses names of bioraphy to represent the digits of place-value numerals, as was common with numerical data in Sanskrit treatises.

Number theory in the East.